MAS Structure’s wind tower retains guests cool with out air-conditioning

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MAS Structure Studio favoured passive air flow over high-tech options on this set up for Dubai Design Week, which reimagines Emirati wind towers utilizing 480 layers of recycled cardboard.

Situated in Dubai’s design district, the Barjeel – or wind tower – set up adopts a extra conventional method to air-conditioning than the electrical strategies used within the surrounding high-rises.

Carved from layers of recycled cardboard and sheets of aluminium, the six-metre-tall construction was designed as a contemporary tackle the wind towers discovered within the Arabian Gulf.

MAS Architecture Studio's wind tower keeps visitors cool without air-conditioning

Meant as an “homage to regional traditions”, the barjeel includes a round base, which might be seen within the seating inside, and a sq. physique in reference to the easy geometric types which might be ubiquitous in Islamic structure.

“Barjeels have been used for passive air flow over centuries,” MAS Architecture Studio founder Kerim Miskavi advised Dezeen. “These days they’re getting used much less and fewer as a result of, in the present day, the everyday reply to acclimatisation is excessive expertise and mechanical methods.”

“We wished to create one thing that was particular to the area and drew inspiration from the vernacular structure, however we additionally wished to create an area the place the guests might are available in and loosen up,” he added.

MAS Architecture Studio's wind tower keeps visitors cool without air-conditioning

The set up works in the identical method as a conventional barjeel – a wind catcher on prime of the construction catches the wind and directs it downwards to deliver a cool breeze into the house. Barjeels have been generally erected on the roof of a constructing.

Hotter air contained in the construction circulates and rises to the highest. Minimize-outs are positioned across the construction simply above seated head-level, to supply additional breeze to these sitting inside.

Guests can take refuge from the solar contained in the tower, which was created for this yr’s Dubai Design Week.

MAS Architecture Studio's wind tower keeps visitors cool without air-conditioning

“These days Dubai is thought for its towers – an enormous skyline with the Burj Khalifa and all these fashionable high-tech towers,” stated the designer.

“However when you concentrate on it, the barjeel was most likely the primary tower in-built Dubai, and it was used for a really completely different motive; it was purely performative and for individuals’s consolation,” he continued.

“We preferred this notion that the wind tower is a really human phenomenon in structure,” he added. “It is a good combine between perform and symbolism, nevertheless it’s neither purely symbolic or purely practical, and I believe it matches nicely in a context like this.”

MAS Architecture Studio's wind tower keeps visitors cool without air-conditioning

With the primary examples relationship again to 3100 BC, traditionally the wind towers have been constructed to accompany small homes and villas within the area, appearing as pure, non-electrical types of air-conditioning.

Initially made out of primary supplies similar to palm branches and leaves, the Barjeel regularly elevated in scale and superior in supplies, finally being made out of mud, clay and bricks.

The Istanbul-based studio designed its model of the construction to be zero-waste, assembled from 480 layers of reclaimed cardboard.

MAS Architecture Studio's wind tower keeps visitors cool without air-conditioning

As Miskavi defined, the studio selected recycled cardboard not just for its sustainable qualities, but additionally for it is sturdy but light-weight properties, because the construction needed to be pre-fabricated in Turkey and shipped to Dubai.

The construction is fastened in place by way of gravity and compression, with no adhesive used to safe the layers collectively.

Between each 90 or so layers of cardboard is an aluminium sheet, whereas 4 aluminium posts penetrate the construction at every nook and fasten to a steel base – which Miskavi describes as a “skewer-like” system.

Each the cardboard and aluminium has been left untreated, to maintain the set up as natural as attainable.

In accordance with Miskavi, the corrugated design of the cardboard additionally grants the set up a “transparency” and “openness” by permitting some gentle into the construction. When rotated 90 levels nonetheless, the fabric turns into strong and opaque.

MAS Architecture Studio's wind tower keeps visitors cool without air-conditioning

Now in its fifth version, Dubai Design Week hosts an array of occasions, together with the Downtown Design commerce truthful and the International Grad present, in addition to quite a few installations and pavilions dotted across the metropolis.

The annual occasion is happening this yr from 11 to 16 November 2019, with most points of interest situated within the metropolis’s design district, often known as D3.

Pictures is by Laurian Ghinitoiu.