After $13 billion levy ruling, way forward for India’s tattered telecom sector hinges on authorities assist


NEW DELHI (Information) – The Indian authorities’s win of a long-contested dispute over telecom charges may find yourself a Pyrrhic victory, because the billions of in levies now owed are seen as burdens too huge to bear for 2 of the nation’s three most important carriers.

FILE PHOTO: A rickshaw puller speaks on his cell phone as he waits for purchasers in entrance of commercial billboards belonging to telecom corporations in Kolkata February three, 2014. Information/Rupak De Chowdhuri/

Vodafone Concept Ltd (VODA.NS), India’s largest provider by consumer numbers, is broadly considered most on the ropes, with mum or dad Vodafone Group (VOD.L) calling the scenario “vital” after the unit was saddled with about $three.9 billion in recent funds due.

That’s the largest portion of the $13 billion incurred by the sector after India’s Supreme Courtroom final month sided with the federal government in how spectrum utilization and license charges are calculated.

Bharti Airtel (BRTI.NS), the No. three supplier which should pay roughly $three billion beneath the ruling, has additionally flagged misery, saying the choice casts a lot doubt on “its capacity to proceed as a going concern.”

To trade executives and analysts alike, there’s just one resolution for the sector which was even earlier than the present disaster debt-ridden and battered by a brutal value struggle: vital authorities monetary assist.

Hopes have been raised after the federal government deferred upcoming spectrum funds for the subsequent two monetary years till March 2022. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman additionally mentioned this month that reduction is into account though no closing name had been made.

“If the federal government does present some measures, there may be nonetheless some likelihood for (Vodafone Concept) to proceed as a going concern. All of it relies on what sort of reduction measures the corporate will get,” mentioned Umesh Mehta, head of analysis at Samco Securities.

He mentioned he expects the corporate to outlive as it’s within the authorities’s curiosity to have three most important gamers to make sure adequate competitors within the sector.

Vodafone Concept and Bharti Airtel didn’t reply to requests for remark. Vodafone Group declined to remark.


Vodafone Concept this month booked a $7 billion quarterly loss, the most important in Indian company historical past, largely resulting from provisions for funds owed. Mother or father Vodafone has additionally laid its case on the road: writing down the worth of its 44% stake within the unit to zero and vowing it won’t commit extra fairness to India.

Along with the two-year moratorium, Vodafone Concept and Bharti Airtel are asking the federal government for cuts to license charges and taxes, in addition to waivers for curiosity and penalties.

Cellular carriers have additionally petitioned the Supreme Courtroom to evaluate its ruling, though attorneys say possibilities of that occuring are slim.

However even when the federal government obliges with beneficiant monetary waivers, analysts observe Vodafone Concept would nonetheless be deeply troubled.

Harm by the worth struggle that started with the 2016 entry into the market of Jio, a unit of deep-pocketed Reliance Industries Ltd (RELI.NS), Vodafone Concept has web debt of $14.2 billion, six occasions its market capitalization and 4 occasions its money holdings.

Whereas the worth struggle seems to have ended with all three most important carriers – who serve 90% of the market – planning to raise consumer charges subsequent month, Vodafone Concept has not but stopped shedding subscribers. The most recent information, for September, confirmed a web lack of 2.6 million prospects.

“If Vodafone Concept doesn’t have sufficient prospects left, it’ll be very tough for it to stay solvent,” mentioned Vivekanand Subbaraman, an analyst at Ambit Capital.

Bharti Airtel has extra debt, with web ranges at round $16 billion. However not like Vodafone Concept, analysts say if push got here to shove, the corporate may think about promoting property to satisfy its obligations because it controls telecom tower agency Bharti Infratel (BHRI.NS).


If in a worse case state of affairs Vodafone Concept have been to fail, buyer choices would dramatically shrink and the networks of the 2 remaining main carriers could be additional overloaded, exacerbating patchy protection and name drops widespread in India.

“There’s sure to be extra congestion, there may be going to be additional deterioration in high quality,” mentioned T.V. Ramachandran, president of Broadband India Discussion board.

It could additionally signify an enormous setback to India’s push to make authorities companies accessible to tons of of thousands and thousands of Indians through the web.

Any exit would harm telecom gear makers reminiscent of Finland’s Nokia (NOKIA.HE), Sweden’s Ericsson (ERICb.ST) and China’s Huawei Applied sciences and ZTE Corp (000063.SZ), trade executives mentioned.

Bharti Airtel and Vodafone Concept use gear and companies from all of those distributors, not like Reliance’s Jio, whose community has been constructed largely by a unit of South Korea’s Samsung Electronics (005930.KS).

The present turmoil within the sector can be prone to additional dampen curiosity in an public sale of 5G airwaves anticipated earlier than end-March. All three companies have warned the bottom value set by the federal government is simply too excessive on condition that India’s consumer charges are among the many most cost-effective on the planet.

“Even in any other case, the 5G public sale didn’t look very vibrant,” mentioned Broadband India Discussion board’s Ramachandran.

Reporting by Sankalp Phartiyal; Further reporting by Nivedita Bhattacharjee and Nallur Sethuraman in Bengaluru; Modifying by Miyoung Kim and Edwina Gibbs