Factbox: The virus that wears a crown – New China virus is a part of coronavirus household

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LONDON (Information) – Listed here are some key options of coronaviruses and what we all know concerning the new virus that started within the central Chinese language metropolis of Wuhan.

** Coronaviruses are a household of viruses that get their identify from what they appear like below a microscope – they’re spherical and their surfaces are coated with “crown”-like spikes.

** Coronavirus infections can result in respiratory diseases – a few of which might be extreme and lethal, equivalent to Center East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Extreme Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), and a few of which might be a lot milder, such because the frequent chilly.

** Coronavirus infections have a variety of signs, together with fever, coughing, shortness of breath and respiratory difficulties. Extreme circumstances may cause pneumonia, extreme acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and loss of life.

** Coronaviruses are transmitted between animals and folks and might evolve into strains not beforehand recognized in people.

** Preliminary analysis has urged that the Wuhan coronavirus could have made the leap into people from snakes. However Chinese language authorities medical specialists have additionally urged badgers and rats as attainable sources.

** Like different coronaviruses, the brand new China virus is being transmitted from person-to-person by way of droplets when an contaminated particular person coughs or sneezes. It could possibly additionally unfold by way of contaminated surfaces equivalent to door handles or railings.

** Just like the viruses that trigger MERS and SARS, the brand new China virus is an RNA virus, which suggests it has RNA moderately than DNA as its genetic materials. This implies the virus blends with its host’s DNA, and likewise means it could mutate quickly.

** Testing for the brand new China virus entails utilizing an actual time polymerase chain response (RT-PCR), which identifies the viral RNA in a pattern. These might be from a throat swab, a cough pattern, or a blood pattern if the affected person may be very unwell.

Reporting by Kate Kelland; Enhancing by Alison Williams